Global Film: Nollywood and Korean Cinema

Onuzulike, U. 2016, ‘Audience reactions to the different aspects of Nollywood movies’, CINEJ Cinema Journal, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 87-104, viewed 27 August 2018, UOW Database

This source juxtaposes two audiences of Nollywood cinema, Nigerians in Nigeria and South Africa respectively and discusses their perceptions of assumed favourite and disliked aspects of Nigerian productions. The source first discusses factors in regard to improvements in technology that allowed the rise of Nollywood, as well as briefly discussing some of the critique often directed towards the productions from critics. These critics are said to have issues with the quality of the films and the depiction of the supernatural in particular. The source clearly shows that the favourite and disliked aspects of the Nigerian films differed between Nigerians in Nigeria and South Africa. According to the research conducted, Nigerians in Nigeria identified culture, reality and quality as their favourite aspects, whilst those in South Africa identified culture, humour and morals and lessons as their favourite aspects. In regard to disliked aspects, Nigerians in Nigeria identified the quality, repetitiveness and piracy and those in South Africa said they disliked the quality, depictions of supernatural features and romance in the films. All of these likes and dislikes of the films described within the source are backed up by direct quotes from Nigerians in both Nigeria and South Africa, supporting their perspectives. The research therefore found that the audiences geographical location had an impact on how they interpreted and perceived Nollywood Films. The source also compares its own findings to those of research done prior, and provides credible references to support this. Overall, the source is highly useful in determining perceptions of Nollywood cinema from those who are most familiar with it and is reliable as it provides extensive evidence from credible sources to support its claims.

Ososanya, O. 2018, ‘African Cinema: Which way to go?’, The Guardian, 26 August, viewed 27 August 2018,

This news article recently published in the Nigerian Guardian discusses why Nollywood is finding more success than other film industries within Africa, as well as questioning why it is still finding limited success out of Africa. The article is written by a former lecturer in Directing and Filmmaking from the University of Limpopo, meaning that they have specific knowledge from the film industry that allows them to make claims about the success of Nollywood that should be seen as credible. The article highlights specific issues which are suspected to be having an impact on the success of the African film industry as a whole, including a lack of mentorship and financing and distribution issues. As a whole, the article looks to identify the problems within Nollywood and other African film industries that are restricting its success and poses solutions, as well as urging those within the industries to change the manner with which they work so as to overcome these challenges. The source is useful in providing a more critical argument against Nollywood and African cinema.


Internationalising Higher Education: Learning and Teaching

Coryell, J, Sehin, O & Pena, C. 2018 ‘Adult Education through a Cosmopolitanism Lens: A Review of the Research Literature’, Adult Education Quarterly, vol. 68, pp. 179-196, viewed August 27 2018, UOW Database

This source by Coryell et al. discusses the concept of cosmopolitanism in regard to adult education, which is relevant to week 4’s topic of internationalising higher education.  The article brings together the findings of 29 research articles and dissertations on cosmopolitanism in adult education, and analyses the ways that the theories of cosmopolitanism have been employed in the context of adult education. The original articles were all published between 2007 and 2017, meaning that the information found in them and then collated is still relevant to an audience today. The research is set out in three major parts; the method, findings and discussion, which allows the source to follow a logical path in the discussion of results which can be clearly followed and understood. The source makes lengthy references to all 29 papers collated, which are used to both agree with and contrast each other, meaning that the paper should be seen as reliable given the extent of referenced information supporting. The authors of the paper are made up of an Associate Professor and Director, coordinator and a PhD student, all from the University of Texas, who, as well as declaring no conflict of interest with the subject matter within the paper, are all experienced in the research areas of higher education and international affairs. This source is incredibly useful, as it not only provides readers with an overview of the research in the area of cosmopolitanism in higher education, but it also provides further avenues for research.

Jun-youb, L. 2018, ‘World’s Best School for Whom?’, The Korea Times, 5 August, viewed 27 August 2018,

This article in The Korean Times newspaper highlights what can be seen as the negative effects of cosmopolitanism on education overall. The author tells of his own experiences attending schools overseas from his own country and then uses these to justify the negative effect that he believes the opening of new schools in his home of South Korea may have. This viewpoint changes from the beginning to the end of the article, as hindsight is eventually used to shape his final perspective. The article does not provide and statistical information which could be potentially used to support the arguments put forward. This article is useful in that it shows an opposing side to the argument of cosmopolitanism generally being seen as a good change for education. The author of the article, Lee Jun-youb, is a freelance journalist and literary translator who is based in Seoul, however his assumed global knowledge taken from his overseas schooling and work can be used to assume that the article reliable. Having said this, it is also important to note that the article is one of opinion, and so may vary from other writings on the same subject. In this case, it is important to use this article in conjunction with others.

Globalisation, Media Flows and Saturation Coverage – Annotated Bibliography

Kraidy, M. 2018 ‘Global Media Studies: A Critical Agenda’ Journal of Communication, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 337-346, viewed 26 August 2018, UOW Database

This source is relevant when discussing week 2’s topic, as it discusses changes in regard to globalisation and the like which have had an impact on the study of global media, which has had a subsequent impact on the teaching of it. The author, Marwan Kraidy, is employed by the ‘Centre for Advanced Research in Global Communication’ at the University of Pennsylvania, who else also written other pieces for the Journal of Communication and books on the topic of global media. The article was published recently, in April 2018, which means that the topics discussed in the article will maintain social utility if they were to be used as a research source now. The article makes countless references to other academic sources from the last 30 years, which assist in strengthening the arguments put forth in this article. Kraidy addresses the factors that are having a negative impact on the field of study of global media in question and finishes her arguments by advising that researchers and others in the field must ‘rise to the challenge’ and go beyond simply relearning the skills required. The source is reliable as it is was written by a qualified author and published in an accredited journal. Despite its reliability, this source would only be useful to the study of a very niche subject scope, being the teaching and studying of global media, and so would thus be almost completely useless to any one simply researching global media in general.

Rumbo, JD. 2003, ‘ Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization’, review of Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization, by D Crane, N Kawashima and K Kawasaki, Contemporary Sociology, vol. 32, no. 6, viewed 26 August 2018, UOW Database

This source is a review of a 2002 book, Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization, which identifies and analyses theories of globalisation in relation to media and other topics. This review provides a substantial overview of the topic matter of the actual book without going into too much detail. The author of the actual review has also been published in the same journal multiple times, largely on the topics of media and marketing. Despite the clarity of the review in providing a good outline of the original book, this source should not be used on its own without further research. The journal in which it is published is difficult to find information on, significantly damaging its reliability. As well as this, the source does not provide any further points of research, also having an impact on its reliability as none of the information in the review can be verified. This source should only be used in research as a ‘starting point’ to find other information, either from the book reviewed or from the database and journal. In this sense, this source is useful in initial stages of research but should not be relied on in the same way as a primary source.



The Death of Legacy Media

The way we produce and consume content is forever changing. What could once be considered difficult to create, access and remediate is now easy than ever with the exponential rise of the internet and all the forums it presents.

Spotify has taken the place of traditional music forms like CDs and the radio. Netflix has become the go-to for watching TV shows and movies. Amazon has transformed the way we shop, completely normalising the concept of online shopping. YouTube has managed to create an entire platform which allows anyone and everyone to create and consume content.

week 5







But why has the new age of internet mediums overrun legacy media? There are two main reasons. Media created on the internet usually requires little to no cost to both create and consume and is not filtered based on quality. In comparison, legacy media can cost quite a lot to produce, which leads to a cost to consume, which means that a quality filter is placed on it so only content that will formulate a revenue is produced.

It is this difference that is causing the rise of the internet and the death of legacy media.

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x

Ideating – The Birth of ‘Just Music’

You might be wondering why all of a sudden I have started posting (somewhat regularly) about music? Well, the answer to that is simple. I have decided to create a ‘side blog’ about music from my usual media blog for my Digital Artefact (or DA). 

Why a music blog?

After completing BCM112 last semester, it was clear to me that I would not be continuing my (failed) DA that I began in that class. This is for a few reasons; 1. I was not able to create the content that I originally intended because of time constraints, equipment access and just my own motivation, 2. It was difficult to create an audience (I didn’t realise how niche of an audience musical theatre generated) and 3. I just completely lost interest in it.

From this realisation, I knew that I had to create something new, and quickly too. Music has always been something close to my heart, and is also the area of journalism and media that I would one day love to get into. Over the semester break I published a blog post about my 5 favourite albums, and I was able to generate some interest in that, so decided it was worth the risk of attempting to continue tapping into this audience for my DA. And thus ‘Just Music’ was born.

What’s been happening so far?

So far, I have published 5 posts under the overarching title of “Just Music”, and all have them have generated pleasing feedback given the beginning nature of the blog. After posting The Most Splendid of Splendour“, one of the bands reviewed, Cub Sport, reposted the article on their personal Instagram story, cubbies.jpg

which definitely helped to draw audience to that post in particular and therefore the blog overall. Other blog posts have also drawn feedback which is helping to develop my writing style and ways of promoting the blog.

Why does this work?

This DA ticks all the boxes that my failed one from last semester didn’t, namely those of FEFO (Fail Early, Fail Often) and FIST (Fast, Inexpensive, Simple, Tiny). With my DA last semester, I was initially scared to put out content, meaning that I didn’t actually put out any content for public access until the later weeks of the semester. This definitely did not follow the idea of FEFO; I was too scared to fail in the first place, so I didn’t even get the opportunity to do it early. With this DA, I have been attempting to put out content on a regular basis, more so for the purpose of bettering my own skills rather than being successful. In terms of FIST, I 100% overestimated my abilities (and my bank account)with my ambitions last semester, meaning that it didn’t fit any of the ideals of FIST. By changing to “Just Music” I can now follow these ideals; writing blog posts on a topic I love can be done super fast, the blog is free to run and maintain, when you’re writing about something you love, it’s easy and blog posts don’t have to be long, which also contributes to the ‘fast’ factor. On top of all of this, by keeping all of my writing together, both on music and media, I am able to create a sort of portfolio of work, which I will be able to keep together and use in future years when looking for employment.

What’s Next?

In terms of blogging regularly, my plan is to post weekly ‘New Music Friday’ posts, showcasing new music released that week and ‘Monthly Musical Moments’ posts, showcasing all the big music moments across the month as well as reviews and profiles of any other music, artists or events in the music industry that capture my interest. As well as this, I am going to begin writing for media website ‘Volume Media‘ as a way of bettering my skills and growing my presence across the industry (stay tuned for that). This is only the beginning of Just Music!

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x


New Music Friday – 17/8/18

It has been a BIG week in terms of new releases, with collaborations, highly anticipated albums and unexpected single drops aplenty.

Ariana Grande unleashes her fourth ‘baby’ on the world

It has easily been one of, if not the most anticipated pop album to be released this year. After the release of ‘no tears left to cry’ all the way back in April, Grande’s fans, or Arianators, have been hyping up the album to anyone who will listen. The three singles released prior to the album highlighted the vast style range that Grande was clearly going for in this album, with each song showcasing her skills as an artist across genres. With the release of the whole album, it’s clear that Grande’s sound is starting to progress down a more R&B influenced avenue, most clearly evidenced by production credits from the likes of Pharrell Williams. Given this small change in genre direction, one thing continues to shine throughout the record; Ariana’s pitch perfect vocals. The harmonies in ‘raindrops (an angel cried)’ and ‘pete davidson’ are testament to Grande’s skill and power as a vocalist, something which she has been developing since her beginnings on Broadway and Nickelodeon. Now that the album has been released, her fans will move to hyping up her tour, which has been pegged to begin early next year, and will no doubt be a stellar showcase of the pop princess’s vocal ability and stage presence.

Sounds like: the love child of Celine Dion, Mariah Carey and Missy Elliot (funnily enough, she even features on a track, ‘borderline’!)

Listen to when: getting ready for a girls’ night out

Highlights: ‘breathin’, ‘successful’ and ‘get well soon’

The 1975 continue their ‘attack’ of the digital age

Announced only a week before its release, The 1975’s latest single “TOOTIMETOOTIMETOOTIME” dropped on Thursday as the Zane Lowe’s Beats 1 World Record. This track steers away from what many have come to consider as the typical The 1975 sound, with lead singer Matt Healy saying in an interview that he objectively listens to it as “not necessarily a ’75 song“. When listening to it, this opinion becomes clear; apart from Healy’s distinctive voice and the social utility of the lyrics which has become so indicative of The 1975’s music, the overall style of the single is definitely more ‘boppy’ and upbeat than a lot of their music. The lyrics analyse the affect of the digital age on relationships, specifically when it comes to ‘two-timing’ your significant other. While the actual song may not necessarily fit into what many have come to expect of the band, it is definitely an indication of the direction that their forthcoming album is headed, and by all accounts, its a positive direction.

Sounds like: The Wombats x Arctic Monkeys x Chvrches (on steroids)

Listen to when: social media is getting you down and you just wanna say “f- you” to it all and have a dance

Calvin Harris drops another surprise collaboration

Following the incredible success of Calvin Harris’s collaboration with Dua Lipa, ‘One Kiss’, Harris has come out with new single ‘Promises’ with the help of first time collaborator, Sam Smith. The track highlights what we’ve come to expect of Smith, in the form of his silky smooth vocals, soaring range and soulful vibes. Smith is no stranger to collaborations, having previously joined forces with the likes of Disclosure and Naughty Boy, however Harris’s signature style has done nothing but bring focus to Smith’s voice in the best way. The poppy, dance track is sure to become a regular on airways, especially in Australia as we move into the summer cycle.

Sounds like: Summer. That sums it up basically.

Listen to when: You’ve had a few drinks and are ready to start dancing

That’s all for this week

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x

Every Action Has a Reaction

You might be forgiven I’m talking about physics, but no, I’m talking about media. More specifically managing and curating media content. In a society were anyone can make and distribute content, this rule of science has found a new home describing the process that creators use to improve their content

feedback loop

Funnily enough, Newton’s balls can be used as a metaphor to describe just about anything, but we’re going to talk about it in terms of coordinating media content. Initially, a decision has to be made to lift the first ball and begin the swinging motion, which then travels through what we can call a ‘feedback loop’ until it reaches the other end where a result is reached, before it happens all over again. No matter how high the first ball is lifted before being let go, there will always be a reaction at the other end.

This is a typical process throughout media practices, particularly when coordinating a larger information network.

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x



As a child of the digital age, there’s never really been a time in my life when I haven’t had access to the internet. However, in the last few years, as our reliance on the internet has increased, cyberspace has become a mess of what is real and what is fake.

These days, all you need to create content that can be sent out into cyberspace is an internet connection and a device. This has made it easier than ever for people from all walks of life to create digital content, whether it can be considered fact or not.

cyberspace gif.gif

This clash means that there is no real way of telling what is fact or fiction when it comes to cyberspace. Because of this, everybody’s experience is different. Just because everyone has access to the same space, doesn’t meant that all experiences are the same, as it all comes down an individual’s perceptions and perspectives of the content that cyberspace presents them with.

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x


New Music Friday – 10/8/18

Only two weeks in with plenty more new music to come in the coming weeks, August is already proving itself to be a month for the pop music fans.

Troye Sivan’s “Animal”-istic tendencies are on full show

With his highly anticipated second album “Bloom” only 3 weeks away, Troye Sivan has released the final single from the album before its actual release. Animal has everything the previous offerings from the album do not; it is a four and a half minute, 80s inspired, pop ballad, love song, filled with pulsing synths and declarations of love, very different from the ‘textbook perfect’ three and a half minute pop songs already released. In an interview with Vice, Sivan said that he wanted to break away from the typical mould of a pop song, with the end result being “Animal”. By all accounts so far, the feedback on the song, particularly on Twitter, has been overwhelmingly positive (as is generally the case when it comes to Troye’s fanbase). It’s safe to say that hype for “Bloom” has never been higher than at this point. It’ll be a long 3 weeks waiting for its release for Troye’s fanbase.

Sounds like: 80s synth pop ballads, think “Total Eclipse of the Heart” and “Time After Time”

Listen to when: you’re in love

Broods are feeling “Peach”-y 

Two years after the release of their last album “Conscious”, brother-sister duo Caleb and Georgia Nott have finally released their comeback single in “Peach”, a back-and-forth, feel good, pop whirlwind. Earlier this year, both halves of the New Zealand duo released solo projects (initially on the same day), with Georgia’s being a all-female collaboration entitled “The Venus Project”, which was born out of the realisation that she was always “the only girl in the room” when making music. Caleb’s solo endeavour “Fuzzy Milk” came from having a lot of spare time whilst Georgia was off doing her own thing. Both have now come back together as the process of their third album, scheduled for release in 2019, takes off, with this first single being the starting block.

Sounds like: Marina and the Diamonds and Charli XCX had a love child who really loves peaches

Listen to when: you’re feeling down and need a reminder that everything will be fine

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x





From There to Here and Beyond

Earliest versions of the internet have been around for literally centuries. The first commercial electric telegraph was sent in 1837, which can be largely considered to be the starting point in terms of technological advancements of what we know as the internet today. But how on earth did we as a society go from sending telegraphs in morse code which could take hours to translate to communicating through social media in milliseconds?

That’s an answer that can’t be given in 150 words so I’m not going to attempt. Our society today is so heavily reliant on the internet that it could be considered a little bit ridiculous, however it hasn’t always been like this

week 2 meme - internet.jpg









In the early days of the internet as we know it today, not everybody had access to it. Although this ‘big and exciting’ advancement was initially made years ago, its value has only really been realised in recent years as everybody in the world gradually gains access. And it’s true, until everyone has access to the internet (even those in third world countries and societies) it will continue to remain somewhat of a curiosity.

Catch ya on the flip side,

Jess x