Global Film: Nollywood and Korean Cinema

Onuzulike, U. 2016, ‘Audience reactions to the different aspects of Nollywood movies’, CINEJ Cinema Journal, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 87-104, viewed 27 August 2018, UOW Database

This source juxtaposes two audiences of Nollywood cinema, Nigerians in Nigeria and South Africa respectively and discusses their perceptions of assumed favourite and disliked aspects of Nigerian productions. The source first discusses factors in regard to improvements in technology that allowed the rise of Nollywood, as well as briefly discussing some of the critique often directed towards the productions from critics. These critics are said to have issues with the quality of the films and the depiction of the supernatural in particular. The source clearly shows that the favourite and disliked aspects of the Nigerian films differed between Nigerians in Nigeria and South Africa. According to the research conducted, Nigerians in Nigeria identified culture, reality and quality as their favourite aspects, whilst those in South Africa identified culture, humour and morals and lessons as their favourite aspects. In regard to disliked aspects, Nigerians in Nigeria identified the quality, repetitiveness and piracy and those in South Africa said they disliked the quality, depictions of supernatural features and romance in the films. All of these likes and dislikes of the films described within the source are backed up by direct quotes from Nigerians in both Nigeria and South Africa, supporting their perspectives. The research therefore found that the audiences geographical location had an impact on how they interpreted and perceived Nollywood Films. The source also compares its own findings to those of research done prior, and provides credible references to support this. Overall, the source is highly useful in determining perceptions of Nollywood cinema from those who are most familiar with it and is reliable as it provides extensive evidence from credible sources to support its claims.

Ososanya, O. 2018, ‘African Cinema: Which way to go?’, The Guardian, 26 August, viewed 27 August 2018,

This news article recently published in the Nigerian Guardian discusses why Nollywood is finding more success than other film industries within Africa, as well as questioning why it is still finding limited success out of Africa. The article is written by a former lecturer in Directing and Filmmaking from the University of Limpopo, meaning that they have specific knowledge from the film industry that allows them to make claims about the success of Nollywood that should be seen as credible. The article highlights specific issues which are suspected to be having an impact on the success of the African film industry as a whole, including a lack of mentorship and financing and distribution issues. As a whole, the article looks to identify the problems within Nollywood and other African film industries that are restricting its success and poses solutions, as well as urging those within the industries to change the manner with which they work so as to overcome these challenges. The source is useful in providing a more critical argument against Nollywood and African cinema.


Internationalising Higher Education: Learning and Teaching

Coryell, J, Sehin, O & Pena, C. 2018 ‘Adult Education through a Cosmopolitanism Lens: A Review of the Research Literature’, Adult Education Quarterly, vol. 68, pp. 179-196, viewed August 27 2018, UOW Database

This source by Coryell et al. discusses the concept of cosmopolitanism in regard to adult education, which is relevant to week 4’s topic of internationalising higher education.  The article brings together the findings of 29 research articles and dissertations on cosmopolitanism in adult education, and analyses the ways that the theories of cosmopolitanism have been employed in the context of adult education. The original articles were all published between 2007 and 2017, meaning that the information found in them and then collated is still relevant to an audience today. The research is set out in three major parts; the method, findings and discussion, which allows the source to follow a logical path in the discussion of results which can be clearly followed and understood. The source makes lengthy references to all 29 papers collated, which are used to both agree with and contrast each other, meaning that the paper should be seen as reliable given the extent of referenced information supporting. The authors of the paper are made up of an Associate Professor and Director, coordinator and a PhD student, all from the University of Texas, who, as well as declaring no conflict of interest with the subject matter within the paper, are all experienced in the research areas of higher education and international affairs. This source is incredibly useful, as it not only provides readers with an overview of the research in the area of cosmopolitanism in higher education, but it also provides further avenues for research.

Jun-youb, L. 2018, ‘World’s Best School for Whom?’, The Korea Times, 5 August, viewed 27 August 2018,

This article in The Korean Times newspaper highlights what can be seen as the negative effects of cosmopolitanism on education overall. The author tells of his own experiences attending schools overseas from his own country and then uses these to justify the negative effect that he believes the opening of new schools in his home of South Korea may have. This viewpoint changes from the beginning to the end of the article, as hindsight is eventually used to shape his final perspective. The article does not provide and statistical information which could be potentially used to support the arguments put forward. This article is useful in that it shows an opposing side to the argument of cosmopolitanism generally being seen as a good change for education. The author of the article, Lee Jun-youb, is a freelance journalist and literary translator who is based in Seoul, however his assumed global knowledge taken from his overseas schooling and work can be used to assume that the article reliable. Having said this, it is also important to note that the article is one of opinion, and so may vary from other writings on the same subject. In this case, it is important to use this article in conjunction with others.

Globalisation, Media Flows and Saturation Coverage – Annotated Bibliography

Kraidy, M. 2018 ‘Global Media Studies: A Critical Agenda’ Journal of Communication, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 337-346, viewed 26 August 2018, UOW Database

This source is relevant when discussing week 2’s topic, as it discusses changes in regard to globalisation and the like which have had an impact on the study of global media, which has had a subsequent impact on the teaching of it. The author, Marwan Kraidy, is employed by the ‘Centre for Advanced Research in Global Communication’ at the University of Pennsylvania, who else also written other pieces for the Journal of Communication and books on the topic of global media. The article was published recently, in April 2018, which means that the topics discussed in the article will maintain social utility if they were to be used as a research source now. The article makes countless references to other academic sources from the last 30 years, which assist in strengthening the arguments put forth in this article. Kraidy addresses the factors that are having a negative impact on the field of study of global media in question and finishes her arguments by advising that researchers and others in the field must ‘rise to the challenge’ and go beyond simply relearning the skills required. The source is reliable as it is was written by a qualified author and published in an accredited journal. Despite its reliability, this source would only be useful to the study of a very niche subject scope, being the teaching and studying of global media, and so would thus be almost completely useless to any one simply researching global media in general.

Rumbo, JD. 2003, ‘ Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization’, review of Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization, by D Crane, N Kawashima and K Kawasaki, Contemporary Sociology, vol. 32, no. 6, viewed 26 August 2018, UOW Database

This source is a review of a 2002 book, Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization, which identifies and analyses theories of globalisation in relation to media and other topics. This review provides a substantial overview of the topic matter of the actual book without going into too much detail. The author of the actual review has also been published in the same journal multiple times, largely on the topics of media and marketing. Despite the clarity of the review in providing a good outline of the original book, this source should not be used on its own without further research. The journal in which it is published is difficult to find information on, significantly damaging its reliability. As well as this, the source does not provide any further points of research, also having an impact on its reliability as none of the information in the review can be verified. This source should only be used in research as a ‘starting point’ to find other information, either from the book reviewed or from the database and journal. In this sense, this source is useful in initial stages of research but should not be relied on in the same way as a primary source.